Many boys and men suffer from a condition known as gynecomastia. This is a condition where a man’s breasts are enlarged due to swelling in the breast tissue. The enlargement of breasts is caused by an imbalance of hormones, and both breasts may not be the same size. In fact, sometimes gynecomastia may only cause one of the breasts to be enlarged. This condition can severely damage the self esteem of boys and men, and it may also cause pain. Fortunately, there are a couple of surgical ways to correct this condition.
Symptoms of Gynecomastia
There are a few symptoms of gynecomastia. The most common and obvious symptom is swollen, enlarged breasts. Another common symptom is unusual tenderness in one or both of the breasts. More problematic symptoms of gynecomastia are pain or a discharge from the nipples.
Causes of Gynecomastia
There are a few different possible causes of gynecomastia. Estrogen levels that are too high in males may trigger gynecomastia. Moreover, testosterone levels that have been decreased may also cause this condition.
Babies who suffer from gynecomastia may have this condition because of the influence of their mother’s estrogen. Gynecomastia usually resolves itself after a few weeks. During puberty, hormone levels are changing, and it is another possible cause of gynecomastia for teenagers.
Several medications can cause gynecomastia, especially medications used to treat certain cancers or prostate problems. Antibiotics, anti-depressants, and even certain heart medications could be a potential cause as well.
Testing for Gynecomastia
People who exhibit the symptoms of gynecomastia should go to their doctor to be tested. The doctor will carefully examine the patient’s breasts to determine if he is suffering from gynecomastia. Blood tests may be done to check hormone levels. Other tests that can be done to diagnose this condition are X-rays of the chest and CT scans. An ultrasound of the testicles or an MRI could be done as well. If the patient is diagnosed with having gynecomastia, then treatment can begin. There are several possible treatment options.
Surgery is a very effective way to fix problems caused by gynecomastia. Initial non-surgical treatments such as medications can be tried at first, but surgery is very effective for anyone suffering from pain or serious embarrassment. Surgery can correct a variety of issues like deformity of the breast or nipple. Surgery is able to correct the shape and contour of the male breast as well. There are a couple of surgical options for people suffering from gynecomastia. These options include liposuction-assisted mastectomy and mastectomy. These procedures are not majorly invasive, and people who have the surgery done are usually able to resume normal activities after several days.
This procedure removes excess breast tissue. The surgeon will make incisions on the breast at precise locations. These incisions will usually be small so that scarring is minimal. Depending on how much tissue has to be taken out of the breasts, the length and number of incisions may vary. After the proper incisions are made, the surgeon will carefully remove all excess tissue. If there is extra skin, he may remove that as well. This is usually a very effective method of correcting gynecomastia.
Liposuction is a procedure in which a surgeon removes subcutaneous fat. This type of fat is right under the skin of a person. Liposuction alone will not completely correct gynecomastia because this condition involves both fat and breast tissue that are causing a male’s breasts to become enlarged. By simply doing liposuction, only the fat will be removed, leaving the swollen breast tissue.
In order to completely fix this problem, a surgery that involves both liposuction and mastectomy is best. The liposuction will be done to remove the subcutaneous fat of the breasts, while the mastectomy removes the excess tissue and skin if needed. Liposuction-assisted mastectomy has many advantages. It helps reduce the length of incisions, and there is less blood loss. Furthermore, this procedure helps lower the chance of complications.
There are several benefits to having surgery to fix gynecomastia. The appearance of the breasts can be completely corrected. Patients will no longer have enlarged breasts after having surgery. By having this condition corrected, a male’s self esteem will be returned to normal. They won’t feel embarrassment anymore because of their breasts, and they will no longer feel self conscious. Moreover, after having surgery done, males may start participating in activities they avoided in the past because of their enlarged breasts. Swimming and other enjoyable activities may be resumed without hesitation.
Boys and men don’t have to suffer the pain and embarrassment that is a result of gynecomastia. They can easily have the problem diagnosed by a doctor, and treatment options such as surgery can be explored. Surgery effectively eliminates the problems associated with gynecomastia.